What is Fingernail Fungus?
Fingernail Fungus also known as Onychomycosis is a dangerous disease that can occur at an early stage with implicit symptoms.
Fungal diseases are capable of not only destroying the surface of the nail plate, but they also cause uncomfortable pain, and in a neglected form lead to soft tissue pathologies.
Onychomycosis quickly spreads to the healthy nails of the hands and feet.
Therefore, if you find discoloration and other abnormal manifestations in the area of the nail plate, you must immediately get an appointment with a dermatologist or mycologist.
Symptoms of Onychomycosis
The most common fungus symptoms are as follows:
Nails are rough and brittle.
Deformation of the shape of the nails.
Inflammation of the tissues around the nails.
Exfoliation or thinning / thickening of the nails.
Dull and opaque nails can have brown, black or yellow areas.
In people with good immunity and healthy skin, while observing the rules of hygiene, the risk of becoming infected with fungal infections is insignificant.
Mycoses of various origin affect the body through abrasions, cracks, sores, hypertrophied skin and nails. Reproduction of pathogenic microflora can cause excessive sweating and dry skin.
Frostbite of the extremities.
Endocrine and vascular diseases.
Dangers of Fingernail Fungus
Fungus under nails never passes by itself. Penetrating into the nail plate, the disease slowly destroys the hard shell of the nail, and then the periungual tissue.
In the advanced stage, nail fungi cause allergic reactions, the intoxication of the body, and even damage to internal organs. Fungus cure requires the use of complex therapeutic measures.
Diagnosis and Treatment
In most cases, fungal diseases of the nails cause dermatophytes. For the diagnosis of fingernail fungus and the selection of optimal drugs, mycologist or dermatologist send the patient to a laboratory diagnosis.
Scraping from the affected nail will determine the presence and type of fungal infections.
Since most antifungal medications contain active terbinafine, sertaconazole, ketoconazole, or bifonazole, it is desirable to discuss the choice and use of drugs with your doctor to avoid side reactions.
Another option is the use of laser technologies, which is usually used in cases of chronic mycosis, which arises frequently.
This technique eliminates the fungus from mycosis through the infrared rays emitted by the laser and therefore is quite effective, although it is a more expensive form of treatment.
Moreover, the treatment for fingernail fungus is time-consuming because the fungus is only completely eliminated when the nail grows sufficiently.
Therefore, healing usually comes about 6 months for mycosis of the fingernails and 12 months for mycosis of the toenails, when it is followed correctly.
Medication for Fingernail Fungus
The most common categories of medications used to treat fingernail fungus are medicinal creams and ointments. Lamisil spray and cream has proven itself well.
The therapeutic effect of the drug is noticeable after 3-4 days of use.
The advantages of Lamisil are effective antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and antiseptic properties.
The medicinal composition is contraindicated for lactating and pregnant women. In the early stages of fingernail fungus, Terbix spray and cream are effective.
The active ingredient ‘terbinafine’ destroys fungal infections, interrupting the food chain of pathogenic microorganisms.
Systemic drugs administered orally are also useful for treating fingernail fungus. Fluconazole tablets have an effective antifungal effect with a minimal degree of relapse. The drug is taken on a course of 3-6 months.
The drug is contraindicated in pregnant, lactating, and patients with kidney disease.
Mycozoral has received good reviews, whose active ingredient is ketoconazole.
The drug is available in the form of tablets and ointments.
During the treatment of the fungus under nails, it is necessary to clean shoes, gloves, floors, bathroom, towels, as well as bed linen. Relapse and re-infection can be avoided by careful hygiene.
The home treatment for fingernail fungus can be done with the application of 2 to 3 drops of clove essential oil on the affected nail at least 2 times a day, as the clove has an antifungal and healing action.
Home treatment for nail fungus should also include the adoption of some care such as:
Avoid wearing tight shoes.
Prefer cotton socks.
Wash and dry the feet very well, including between the toes.
Always wear slippers in public swimming pools or restrooms.
Use your own manicure or pedicure materials and do not share them